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Received:January 12, 2017    Click here to download the full text
Citation of this paper:Abdulwakeel Ayokun-nun Ajao,Oludare Oladipo Agboola,Sefiu Adekilekun Saheed,2017..Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions,9(6):587~598.
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Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Abdulwakeel Ayokun-nun Ajao Department of Botany, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria 220005;Department of Botany and Plant Biotechnology, University of Johannesburg, P. O. Box 524, Auckland Park, South Africa 2006 ajwak880@gmail.com 
Oludare Oladipo Agboola Department of Botany, University of Lagos, Akoka, Nigeria 101017  
Sefiu Adekilekun Saheed Department of Botany, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria 220005  
 
Abstract:Despite the enormous applications of photosynthesis in global carbon budget and food security, photosynthesis research has not been adequately explored as a research focus in Nigeria. Previous works on C3 and C4 plants in Nigeria were mainly on the use of anatomical characteristics to delimit plant species into their respective pathways, with no attention being paid to its applications. In this review, past and present knowledge gaps in this area of study are elucidated. Information used in this review were sourced from referred research articles and books in reputable journals. The results revealed that C3 and C4 plants are distributed among 21 genera and 11 families in Nigeria. In addition there is dearth of information such that only three genera have been classified based on diverse photosynthetic pathways with no information found on the physiological and biochemical characterization of these genera. Moreover, further research is also suggested for tackling new challenges in the area of food productivity and climate change.
keywords:biofuel  bundle shealth  climate change  Kranz tissue  mesophyll
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